5 Areas Of Reading
The reading process is a complicated one that involves a number of processes. As fluent readers we are often not fully aware of all that goes on for a student to learn to read. The National Reading Panel, in reviewing the research on effective reading instruction, identified these five components essential to reading. They are:
- Phonemic Awareness
Each component is important in becoming a fluent reader capable of reading for pleasure and information. Like the foundation of a house, students must first build foundational reading skills.
Diagnostic Reading Assessment
We begin with a comprehensive battery of tests which assesses the student’s strengths and weaknesses in the 5 areas of reading. This assessment also gives us a starting point by which to measure gains after the reading intervention has been completed.
We use a variety of multi-sensory strategies in teaching reading. These strategies are helpful in addressing the needs of students with different learning styles. Research has shown that the use of such strategies improves the effectiveness of teaching, and provides alternate pathways to the brain. This increases the rate of progress and aids in the retention of information.
Students progress in the program at their own pace. The tutors use continuous progress monitoring to assess the student’s skills. When students can demonstrate mastery they move on to the next level.
The reading programs are designed to provide frequent review of previously mastered skills. This review helps students to retain information and apply their reading skills.